How to Scroll to the Bottom of an Element using JavaScript?

The easiest way to scroll to the bottom of an element in JavaScript is to use the scrollTop and the scrollHeight properties of the DOM in combination.

The scrollTop property specifies the distance in pixels from the top of an element to the position to where its content should be scrolled vertically. Whereas, the scrollHeight property specifies the total height of an element in pixels i.e. including the visible and non-visible(when there are scrollbars) content.

So, if we want to scroll to the bottom of an element, we have to first find out the total height(including non-visible content’s height) of the element and then we can simply set it to the scrollTop property.

Along with these two properties, we also have to set a fixed height for the element and then use the overflow property to show the vertical scrollbar.

Let me show you this with an example.

Let’s say we have a div element which has a fixed height of 200px. We have added a little more content inside of it so that it can flow out of its boundaries and set the overflow property to auto which will add scrollbars to the div to keep the content within its boundaries.

We have also added a button that we will use to scroll to the bottom of the div.

Here is the HTML:

<!-- Div whose content will be scrolled -->
<div id="myDiv">
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
    <p>This is some dummy content.</p>
</div>

<!--Button to initiate scroll to the bottom -->
<button id="myBtn">Scroll to Bottom</button>

Now, along with the height and overflow properties, we also have to set the scroll-behavior property to smooth. The scroll-behavior property specifies the scroll behavior of an element and when we set it to smooth, the scroll happens smoothly.

So, add the below code in the CSS:

div{
    height: 200px;
    overflow: auto;
    scroll-behavior: smooth;
    border: 2px solid red;
}

Next, add the below JS code:

let div = document.getElementById('myDiv');
let btn = document.getElementById('myBtn');

// Fires on button click
btn.addEventListener('click', function(){
   
    // Scroll to the bottom of the div
    div.scrollTop = div.scrollHeight;
    
});

Below is the output of the above code:

Scroll to the bottom of an element using scrollTop and scrollHeight

As you can see from the above output, as soon as we click the button, it scrolls us smoothly to the bottom of the div element.


Scroll to the Bottom of an Element using the scroll() Method

You can also use the scroll() method of the Element interface to scroll to the bottom of an element.

The scroll() method lets you scroll to a specific position inside an element based on the parameters passed to it. These parameters can be the X, Y Coordinates, or the top and left positions in pixels.

In our case, we want to scroll smoothly to the bottom of the element, so we will have to pass the distance from the top of the element in pixels.

Let’s take the same example that we discussed in the previous example and try to achieve the same behavior using the element.scroll() method.

let div = document.getElementById('myDiv');
let btn = document.getElementById('myBtn');

// Fires on button click
btn.addEventListener('click', function(){
   
    // Scroll to the bottom of the div
    div.scroll({
        top: div.scrollHeight,
        behavior:'smooth',
    });
    
});

This will give you the following output:

Scroll to the bottom of an element using scroll() method

Conclusion

In this article, we discussed two ways to scroll to the bottom of an element using JavaScript.

To scroll to the bottom of an element, you can use the scrollTop and scrollHeight properties in combination. The scrollTop property specifies the position of the vertical scroll in pixels whereas the scrollHeight property specifies the total height of an element including the height of the hidden(scrollable) content.

An alternative approach could be to use the scroll() method of the Element interface.

Thanks for reading.